HELLO WORLD, I’M HERE

GEOTAGGING AND SURVEILLANCE

Screenshot Geotagging photograph from my Instagram profile Location Map @ashleighnegri by Ashleigh Negri, 7 September 2016

Social networking has become an essential part of our daily lives. Geotagging has become something that is offered to show our friends and family on social media platforms where we are and what we are doing, with the addition of adding our location.

There are definitely advantages and disadvantages to geotagging. Safety is an obvious factor when it comes to geotagging. Yes it is great to tell people where you are through Instagram posts, Snapchat location filters and Facebook ‘Check-in’s’, however in a way the more people know, the worse it is.

Tweet imbedded from my Twitter profile @ashleighn2495

The surveillance issues are a worry for daily lives, because of the lack of privacy people have when they do post their location, however I think the onus is somewhat on the person who is posting to social media. I do think there are positives to posting about your location online. It keeps your friends and family up to date with what you’re up to.

I think it’s great when people add their location on an Instagram post, especially when they’re overseas. Not only does it allow for them to remember where they were when they go back looking on their social media profile, but it also allows their follows to know where they are, and give them insight into the location. However, this is where surveillance issues come into play, because people are posting about being away, it is basically promoting that your house is possibly free, which is when crime such a breaking and entering and theft can occur.

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Screenshot Geotagging photograph from my Instagram profile @ashleighnegri by Ashleigh Negri, 7 September 2016

Sloane & Morgan (2015, p.2) state “from a social science perspective this location data is incredibly valuable as it enables us to establish the geographic context”. In a way this is something that is somewhat of a marketing advantage, because people are basically advertising their location to their followers.

With the increased rise of social media, geotagging has become a trend which has also increased as people are obsessed with letting everyone know what they are doing, and where they are. Humphreys and Liao (2011 p. 409) state “one increasingly popular trend in social computing is tagging, the ability to annotate online material or digital objects”. This is extremely evident online nowadays.

Tweet imbedded from my Twitter profile @ashleighn2495

You only have to look at Instagram and Facebook, and see people posting locations on their pictures, or posting a ‘Check-in’ status.

It is almost inevitable that geotagging has become popular, as social media sites are somewhat encouraging people to post this information.

Van Laere et al. (2014, p. 221) states “the advent of mobile devices has gone hand-in-hand with an increased interest in geographic information retrieval”.

Van Laere’s (2014) statement presents the advancements of technology of mobile devices, which is evident when I look at my camera roll on my iPhone and it can tell me what location I have taken a photograph, and at what particular time it was. This is what I find quite scary. Essentially if your phone can find out where you are at a particular time, what else can they find out.

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Screenshot from my iPhone camera roll ‘Collection’

With the increased use of social media, and the obsession with showing people where you are, geotagging is something that will continue to become more popular and used at a higher rate. Surveillance will still continue to be an issue because of how public people can make their ‘location’ known.

 

Reference list:

Humphreys, L, & Liao, T 2011, ‘Mobile Geotagging: Reexamining Our Interactions with Urban Space’, Journal Of Computer-Mediated Communication, 3, p. 407, Academic OneFile, EBSCOhost, viewed 7 September 2016.

Sloan, L, & Morgan, J 2015, ‘Who Tweets with Their Location? Understanding the Relationship between Demographic Characteristics and the Use of Geoservices and Geotagging on Twitter’, Plos One, 10, 11, p. e0142209, MEDLINE Complete, EBSCOhost, viewed 7 September 2016.

Van Laere, O, Quinn, J, Schockaert, S, & Dhoedt, B 2014, ‘Spatially aware term selection for geotagging’, IEEE Transactions On Knowledge And Data Engineering, 1, p. 221, Academic OneFile, EBSCOhost, viewed 7 September 2016.

 

 

 

 

I’m Your Biggest Fan I’ll Follow You Until You Love Me

THE CELEBRITY CULTURE AND PAPARAZZI

They have to expect it, and they may not like it, but it comes with the territory of being famous and being a celebrity.

Screen Shot 2016-09-07 at 1.17.47 PM.png

Paparazzi by Aurelijus Zemgulis (CC BY 2.0)

Celebrities are always wary of the paparazzi. They have to be, especially when they are constantly followed, and constantly having their photograph taken in the public eye. They understand people need to make money, but when it is at the expense of their own life, they know a line needs to be drawn. However, this is potentially never going to happen.

McNamara (2011, p. 515) states “the paparazzi have generated global interest in the visual culture surrounding celebrities”, therefore the celebrity culture and the paparazzi culture is still thriving.

It is understandable that for celebrities to stay present and relevant they have to be in the public eye constantly and by photographing these famous people, the paparzzi are somewhat helping them. McNamara (2011) explores the strategies that celebrities need to use to stay in the public eye, and also states “the paparazzi pictures we see of celebrities ‘on location’ be they at work or on holiday, can act as a tracking device, mapping celebrities travels” (p. 521).

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12740038 by moodboard images (CC BY 2.0)

An interesting point which McNamara (2011) makes is “publicists work with paparazzi agencies because they know the value of their news power, driven by the web, with pictures and news stories able to be distributed around the world in as little as 12 seconds” (p. 522).

12 SECONDS…. 12 SECONDS

Can we all just take a moment to think about that? 12 seconds is a very short amount of time, so for news and images to travel that quickly from place to place makes it extremely difficult for celebrities to stay out of the public eye for a certain amount of time and especially if they want to be out doing what regular people would do. Instead they get bombarded.

In a sense, I like the paparazzi because I’m interested in celebrity culture and reading celebrity news online, however I do understand the celebrities disregard and disinterest to the paparazzi because of the way they are constantly followed and the danger it not only puts the celebrity in, but also the people around them. (remember the death of Princess Diana was supposedly cause by paparazzi).

In a world where they are expected to be in the public, celebrities need to understand they are going to get photographed. I think this is partially the reason why when we see photographs of celebrities, particularly the Kardashian family, they are dressed up, with full faces of makeup most of the time. Meaning, they dress like they do, and go out in public the way they do because they know they are going to be photographed and followed by paparazzi. Murray (2013) states “celebrities need paparazzi to keep them in the spotlight… once someone because a celebrity, he or she forfeits privacy forever.” (p. 870).

Mommy's girl!! #thecutest #likemotherlikedaughter👭 @kimkardashian #northwest #family

A post shared by Kris Jenner (@krisjenner) on

Overall, in my personal opinion I think the paparazzi are good for the general public because it allows us to catch a glimpse into the ‘real’ life of a celebrity, however I think when it dangers the celebrity, such as through car chases it is bad.

Celebrities need to expect to be followed to keep relevant.

 

 

 

 

 

References:

Horswill, I 2016, ‘Victoria’s Secret model Sara Sampaio writes angry letter after topless pictures go online’, News Corp Australia Network, 30 August, retrieved 5 September 2016, <http://www.news.com.au/lifestyle/fashion/people/victorias-secret-model-sara-sampaio-writes-angry-letter-after-topless-pictures-go-online/news-story/1d2f68f9c9561dae851c6d5a96563a70&gt;

Images, M 2011, 12740038, Flickr, retrieved 25 August 2016, <https://www.flickr.com/photos/moodboardimages/5488621408/in/photolist-9n1BVA-5qJtKR-gHX3cf-bHYL4T-XdGE9-qcSiyB-dLJKrG-qcJxub-qcSiyg-qudP2o-nQrDJy-7uf86b-dSQtEd-8sAhfx-8SC1LL-df5CDf-75spd6-4ncyAw-6wDoJC-AE4iP-9AHu38-c2MtJs-c5BJxG-c2MsPE-oC8KG5-7c87MH-EuJK9v-65fUef-7stDtg-9WjXZR-twVcZ-hYGE1b-4bLZU9-4N6HaM-6xVZDW-GL3tpW-k46MTC-idVA3F-FtVrj-48HHFq-qWtujA-8PG485-by79aJ-c5BGrL-c5BEV7-6ed4Jj-cRq3m7-8ia9f3-5zVKzD-69KrYo&gt;

Jenner, K 2016, ‘Mommy’s Girl!! #thecutest #likemotherlikedaughter @kimkardashianwest #northwest #family’, Instagram, 6 September, retrieved 7 September 2016, <https://www.instagram.com/p/BKBOpL1AWzI/?taken-by=krisjenner&gt;

Kendall Jenner helps little boy, crushed by paparazzi, YouTube, Stupid Famous People, 30 March, retrieved 25 August 2016, <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=orTOSqj3KAA&gt;

McNamara, K 2011, ‘The paparazzi industry and new media: The evolving production and consumption of celebrity news and gossip websites’, International Journal Of Cultural Studies, 14, 5, pp. 515-530, Humanities Source, EBSCOhost, viewed 25 August 2016.

 

 

MURRAY, R 2013, ‘Keeping the Paparazzi an Arm’s Length Away’, Journal Of Popular Culture, 46, 4, pp. 868-885, Humanities Source, EBSCOhost, viewed 25 August 2016.

Taylor, D 2009, celebrity babies at the express line, Flickr, retrieved 25 August 2016, <https://www.flickr.com/photos/ocean_of_stars/4059382691/in/photolist-7bHp3K-6yNNSo-bEruz4-d1cAHo-5UKfFE-bx2HGi-9HWV2w-8AozPw-9HU4g6-6XcWRL-bmR38F-bmRBAk-at42KG-9Qr2ad-82xgxV-8AnF3k-5bUhrw-5bPB7g-5Tcqm4-8AkxuK-dTw7bw-dp3KW-GvfqS-8Ap7P1-8AqZML-8AnjX4-7mM5U1-eECz4x-7AdL8Q-rixsDf-6apgRd-nG372p-6NFeCB-dYrY4-5TgHfh-9k5QK4-9k8Uah-9k8U9b-77hH8v-852kqV-77hGBZ-5rkE6e-5TgyMy-d5g86N-2DPt7n-d7gL29-9k5QZi-8mY3jB-7PHDdo-mSDHCj&gt;

Zemgulis, A 2012, paparazzi, Flickr, retireved 25 August 2016, <https://www.flickr.com/photos/rambynas/7891573686/in/photolist-d2mnVh-8TUXo5-6oTbRA-gVfA51-qAcdnH-7ZvoZS-5PCgxD-oN6wuq-4GhCty-7YsE8T-6SoN5-5EPiY8-fBky5-8LmXKn-7ftccG-jSUeR-7X7jE7-9yfXzL-5R6dKy-4GzXWa-3s6ieN-atsexg-qxUY9N-9gk3Gc-7NAXFo-78hntx-7zDpsS-3ryEoS-4vB7Hx-8xY5A5-6AW9Wh-osShpY-BESAi-9UFJ2i-Jkuq8-4jydAo-4Xo5n-5chMd1-7NwYra-8a72vE-7xL4fe-5vQYjU-6y7tSE-81mcrF-7jN9Wo-8tJmiq-9xtt51-2kpc2d-6ydr9C-3jLCN&gt;